In the previous part, we discussed how course climate influences students’ learning. Today, we will talk about the strategies to promote student development and a productive course climate. Support students in dealing with ambiguity For students comfortable with the basic duality of worldviews, there can be an emotional resistance to intellectual development, so it is important to support them in dealing with ambiguity. We can do this in several ways. Validating different viewpoints, even the unpopular ones, is one way to do that. We can also state explicitly that part of critical thinking is to embrace complexity than oversimplifying matters. Also, make them understand that the aim of classroom discussion is to enrich everybody’s thinking, not to reach a consensus.