Widely referred to as the "Mother of the Nation," Albertina Sisulu was a prominent leader in the anti-apartheid movement in South Africa. Albertina Sisulu, original name Nontsikelelo Albertina Thethiwe was born on October 21, 1918, in the Transkei (now in the Eastern Cape province). Her father died when she was 11. Her mother was constantly ill after surviving the Spanish flu before her birth. As the eldest daughter of five children, she had to assume the role of a caretaker.