Josephine Elizabeth Butler was a Victorian feminist and activist who played a major role in improving conditions for women in health care and education. Josephine Butler was born on April 13, 1828, in Millfield, Northumberland in England. She was the seventh of nine surviving children of John Gray and Hannah Annett. Her father, John Grey, was a social reformer and a prominent figure in the campaigns against the slave trade. He was the relative of Lord Grey who was the Whig Prime Minister between 1830 and 1834.