Jane Addams was an American social reformer and pacifist, best known as the cofounder of Hull House in Chicago, one of the first social settlements in North America. Jane Addams was born on September 6, 1860 in Cedarville, Illinois. She was the eighth of nine children born to John Huy and Sarah Weber. Sadly, only five of her siblings survived infancy, and her mother passed away during childbirth when Addams was only two years old. Despite this tragedy, she enjoyed a privileged upbringing, as her father was one of the wealthiest citizens in the small farming town. He owned a prosperous mill, served in the Civil War, held local political office, and even counted Abraham Lincoln as a friend. Addams was raised with strong Christian values and a profound sense of social responsibility.