In the last part, we discussed the density of knowledge connections in experts’ and novices’ knowledge organisations. Today, we are talking about the nature of connections. Knowledge organisations in novices are not only sparse compared to experts but also the basis of their organisational structures are superficial. According to studies conducted in 1991 by Michelene T.H. Chi, cognitive and learning scientist, and Kurt A. VanLehn, professor of Computer Science and Engineering at Arizona State University, superficial knowledge bases affect their learning and the capability to use effectively what they learn.